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What is a Voucher?

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A voucher is an internal document describing and authorizing the payment of a liability to a supplier. It is most commonly used in a manual payment system. A voucher typically contains the following information:

A voucher is created following the receipt of an invoice from a supplier. It is stamped “paid” when a check or electronic payment is made to a supplier, and is then archived, along with any supporting documents.

Vouchers are useful for maintaining a higher level of control over the payables process.

If vouchers are used for all payables, their totals can be aggregated to determine the total amount of accounts payable outstanding. This function is not needed in a computerized system, where the aged payables report is used instead.

A voucher is not created when a liability has only been accrued (which is in the absence of a supplier invoice). Also, vouchers are not used in the payroll process.

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